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Home Spanish Verbs Conjugation

Spanish Verbs Conjugation - Conjugador TIP

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Spanish Verbs Conjugation - Conjugador TIP
Grammatical categories
Defective verbs
Verbs with double conjugation
Conjugation by geographical areas
Verbal forms with enclitic pronouns
The consulted sources
All Pages

Link to Conjugator TIP

NEW BOOK: "La conjugación de verbos en español y su morfología"

TIP has developed an innovative Spanish verbs conjugator available in this web (Try the TIP conjugator) that it shows the simple and compound conjugation. The TIP Conjugator doesn’t use rules, but it uses a database of over 14 000 previously conjugated and verified verbs. For see the conjugation of a verb you must wirte your infinitive into the box and press the Conjugate button. Soon, TIP will include a morphologic tagger to accept as input any conjugated form of a verb of the database, and also tagging enclitic pronouns and/or added prefixes. The names of tenses used match the academic terminology and the established by Andrés Bello in his Grammar of Spanish language for use by the Americans (1847), applied in several Latin American countries. The TIP Conjugator of Spanish verbs presents separately the conjugation of negative forms, pronominal conjugation and conjugation with the female subject, in order to make easier to read the information displayed.

In case of mentioning this source, please make use of the author reference:

Rodríguez-Rodríguez, G; Carreras-Riudavets, F; Hernández-Figueroa, Z; (2009). Conjugación de verbos en español - Conjugador TIP. Available at http://tip.dis.ulpgc.es

Grammatical categories

Initially, it takes recognition of the infinitive to show in a first section, its grammatical category. Grammatical categories covered are: transitive, intransitive and pronominal. The Royal Spanish Academy defines these categories as:

  • Transitive verb. Verbs that use direct object. For example, amar a Dios, decir la verdad.
  • Intransitive verb. Verbs that don’t use direct object. For example, nacer, morir, correr.
  • Pronominal verb. Verbs that use in all its forms an unstressed pronoun that agrees with the subject and has no role in part of speech. Some verbs are exclusively pronominals as arrepentirse, and others take some significant or expressive nuances in reflexive forms; for example, caer o morir.

The TIP Conjugator shows next to all forms of pronominal verbs its corresponding unstressed personal pronoun in brackets to indicate that, depending on use, must be accompanied by the pronoun. In the verbs that are exclusively pronominal bracket disappears to indicate mandatory accompany the conjugated form with its pronoun.

Defective verbs

Defective verbs are those verbs that don't have complete conjugation sets. Some verbs are only defective as empedernir or atardecer and others who are depending on their meaning with which they are used, for example, poner or ser (see these verbs in the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy). Defective types in verbs are listed (terminology used is that of Institute of Hispanic Verbology):

Verbs with double conjugation

The verbs that share infinitive and have different conjugation, such as aterrar, are displayed in a numbered list of possibilities. After selecting each one in the list, the TIP Conjugator shows its meaning in the recognition section, in order to help user identify what is the verb he wants to conjugate. The verbs that have some type of defective, depending on the meaning to be used, apply the same process, such as llover.

When the consulted sources have more than one model for the same verb conjugation (engrosar, repatriar, evacuar, aindiar, ...), shows a message in the description section "VERB WITH MULTIPLE CONJUGATION ACCORDING TO CONSULTED SOURCES" and below the TIP Conjugator shows a note indicating the information published by sources.

Conjugation according to different areas and customs

Another new features of TIP Conjugator is used to show the different conjugations by Spanish-speaking:

  • Spanish. Traditional conjugation of Spain and America that does not use the vos form.
  • Río de la Plata (voseo). Common conjugation in Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and others parts of Central and South America. The TIP Conjugator uses the alternative conjugation of second person the present indicative pronoun vos instead of and as well as the same person the imperative.
  • Canary Island (ustedes). Common conjugation in Canary Island, South and Central America, and areas of Andalusia. People uses the second person plural ustedes instead of vosotros, which is useful for formal treatment and courtesy. At this regions, the second person plural mutch up with the third person plural.
  • Formal treatment, with respect or common courtesy. In the second person singular and plural is used, respectively, usted and ustedes. These are the forms used for formal treatment, with respect or common courtesy when you address somebody.

Verbal forms with enclitic personal pronouns

The unstressed personal pronouns o clitics me, te, le, la, lo, se, nos, os, les, las y los can perform its part of speech of verb complement before or behind the verb. A clitic that precedes its verb is called proclitic and written separately -Yo te lo dije-, and a clitic that follows its verb is called enclitic and written attached to the verb -tírasela. The TIP Conjugator displays the verb forms with enclitic pronouns used into the Present Spanish Reference Corpus (CREA) de la Royal Spanish Academic (RAE). After examining the CREA, we have tagged more than 50 000 forms, with enclitic pronouns, belonging to more than 5000 verbs. You can view these forms when you place the mouse over the sign (+) in brackets at the end of the corresponding conjugated form. Example:

Infinitive: amar (+) Past participle: amado Gerund: amando (+)

The consulted sources

When the Conjugator TIP shows the conjugation, also it shows aditional information that is drawn from consulted sources and referred with the follow abbreviations:

The Conjugator TIP does not show the source for every verb, because of there is many verbs without problem in their conjugation and every source offers the same information.