Familias TIP

Familias TIP shows the family of a Spanish word, also known as a lexical family. The set of Spanish words that share the same root constitutes what is called a family of word or lexical family. Spanish words that have been formed from each other by adding an affix are called derived words and words that give rise to the formation of other words are called primitives. That is to say, a word (derived) is formed from another (primitive), then, the set of Spanish words derived from the same primitive constitutes the family of words or the lexical family of the primitive.

For example, the word aparcamiento is derived from the word aparcar by adding the suffix -amiento to the stem of aparcar (aparc-), this process of forming words is called suffixing. The word desaparcar is derived from the verb aparcar by adding the prefix des-, which is a process of word formation called prefixing. The word enloquecer is derived from the noun loco by adding the prefix en- and the suffix -ecer to the root of loco simultaneously, this last formation process is called parasynthesis.

Familias TIP uses a database with more than 80 thousand spanish families of words previously cataloged. Famlias TIP does not show the appreciative (diminutive, augmentative and derogatory or pejorative) as derived words because in view of the controversy that exists in the grammatical theory (Nueva Grámatica de la Lengua Española 2009. La derivación apreciativa, pág 628, §9.1e) has been considered appropriate not to overload the result with this type of word formation.

Familias 2







Carreras-Riudavets, F; Rodríguez Martín, A; Rodríguez-Rodríguez, G; (2021). Familia de palabras en español - Familias TIP. Disponible en https://tulengua.es